|Ancient Indian history: The Deccan and South India (65 BC - 250 AD)|
south of the Vindhya Mountains and the Narmada River, was known as
Deccan. Further south was the land of the Dravidas (or Tamils). From
ancient times, these lands were home to Indians of non-Aryan origin.
The Satavahanas (28 BC - 250 AD), also known as the Andhras, emerged as an independent power in the Deccan in the first century BC. It was founded by Simuka (65 BC - 25 BC). His son, Satakarni (25 BC - 20 AD), succeeded him. Under the Satavahanas, many Buddhist worshipping halls (Chaityas) and monasteries (Viharas) were cut out from rocks. Some famous examples are Amravati and Nagarjuna Konda. Buddhist cave temples were also cut at the now-famous sites of Ajanta and Ellora.
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