|Ancient Indian history: The age of small kingdoms (500 AD - 606 AD)|
From the decline of the Guptas until the rise of
Harshavardhana in the early seventh century, the political scene is
confused and there are few records to illuminate it. Tribes of Hunas
gradually moved over the mountains into North-western India. The name is
etymologically related to the classical 'Huns', but they were probably
only remotely connected, if at all, with the hordes of Attila. By early
sixth century, Huna ruler Toramana and Mihirakula claimed Punjab and
Kashmir as part of their kingdom.
Once again, India experienced migrations of people from
Central Asia and Iran. Some of them remained in northern India and
others moved further to the south and the west. This disturbance led to
changes in the caste structure, with the emergence of new sub-castes.
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